Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Types of anxiety disorders

Types of anxiety disorders
 There are different types of anxiety disorders, each with
Its own characteristics:
Generalized anxiety disorder: it is a chronic stress even when nothing seems to provoke it. This concern or excessive nervousness almost daily and diagnosed as such when it has A minimum of six months.

Panic disorder (or anxiety attack): the patient experiences recurrent bouts of anxiety that arise spontaneously. This is an acute anxiety and extreme where it is common for the person who has created that will die. These sudden attacks of intense fear are not a direct cause. Occasionally, patients with this disorder develop distress to the next attack, whose occurrence can not foresee, is called anticipatory anxiety.

Phobic disorder: disorder whose essential feature the presence of a persistent and irrational fear to a specific object, activity or situation with the consequent avoidance of the feared object. For example, fear of flying, birds or open spaces.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder: these involuntary thoughts or actions that the patient can not stop thinking or doing in order to avoid anxiety. In any case, the subject recognizes the absurdity of his thoughts or actions. For example, wash your hands every little while.

Stress disorder post-traumatic occurs in those cases in which unpleasant psychological sequel after the impact of emotional trauma, war, rape, etc. It is characterized by persistent memories of the traumatic event, an emotional state with heightened surveillance and the general reduction of interest in daily events.
Frequency of the disease
 Anxiety Disorders are on the whole, the most common psychiatric illness.
 These include the phobic disorder: about 7 for women and 4.3 percent of men suffer from specific phobias (to an animal, an object, darkness, etc.), While so-called social phobia (the ability of people to interact in a friendly with others) are found in 13 percent of the population.

Generalized anxiety disorder occurs at a rate of 3 to 5 percent of adults (at some point during the year). Women are twice as likely to present.

Panic disorder is less common and is diagnosed with something less than 1 percent of the population. Women are two to three times more likely.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder affects about 2.3 percent of adults and occurs with approximately equal frequency in women than in men.

Post-traumatic Stress affects at least 1 percent of the population sometime during their life, although people with higher risk, such as veterans, have a higher incidence.

There are different treatments for anxiety, depending on the person, the type of anxiety experienced and grade.

Therapy often includes medications to help relieve symptoms and specific forms of psychotherapy, such as relaxation and breathing techniques that help us deal with anxiety.                                  

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